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[Show the characterisation of the module]
[To the Map of contents]
[Show the navigation menu of the module]
  [Next step on the ESSAY-TYPE sequential path: to the module Central problem (link type: ESSAY-NEXT/sq-next; target: MESO-m2b)]
[Step back on the COMPLETE sequential path to the module Positioning (link type: SQ-BACK/is part of; target: MESO-m2)] [Next step on the COMPLETE sequential path: to the module Acknowledgements (link type: SQ-NEXT/essay-next; target: MESO-m2b)]

Treatment of raw data = MESO-m3c-treat

In order to obtain an insightful presentation of results for differential cross sections, we treat the raw data generated in scattering experiments or calculations and present the results in the following way.

All values of the initial kinetic energy Ei, and expressions for the scattering angle ${\mit\Theta }$ ,$\theta$ and $\tau$ are in the center of mass system. Because in inelastic-collision processes the centre of mass transformation formulas require a value of the inelasticity ${\Delta }E$, the most probable value of this quantity has been used.

Normally we shall plot the polar differential cross section defined by $2\pi I(\theta) \sin\theta$ in arbitrary units against the quantity $\tau$ defined by $\tau\equiv E_\mathrm{i}\theta$, the latter by analogy with the significant reduced scattering angle for elastic-collision processes.

Experimentally, only the absolute value of the classical deflection function $\theta = \vert\Theta\vert$ is meaningful, because the deflection angles $\Theta$ and $- \Theta$ resulting from repulsive resp. attractive scattering on different sides of the target cannot be distinguished [Why different sides cannot be distingushe is argued and explained in a mesoscopic module (link type: `argued in/explained in/elaborated in/project; target: MESO-m3c-defl)].

The reason we prefer to show deflection curves and differential cross sections on a $\tau$-scale, is that for elastic scattering $E\theta$ is in first approximation dependent only on the impact parameter b and not on the kinetic energy, and because in the collision process considered the inelastic energy ${\Delta }E$ is small compared to Ei.