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Table of Contents
Index
Glossary
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Table of Contents
Index
Glossary
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Next: Stage II: Disseminating Up: A model of the Previous: A model of the

Stage I: Creating

(1) We start with the scientist generating and gathering raw scientific information in some research activity, by forming a conceptual representation of some aspects of the universe at issue. (2) This information is organised and characterised at the conceptual level, based on an evaluation of the raw material in the context of the research programme. In this step, the `raw output' is both moulded and filtered. Some information is discarded as uncertain, irrelevant, superfluous or unimportant.

(3) Then, the author actually writes the article, i.e. he creates a symbolic representation of the information. The author decides which `language' or symbolic means he will use to communicate the different types of information: natural language (and which one), mathematical or chemical formulae, pictures, tables, animations, et cetera. Then, he chooses the structure of the document , the exact wording, the appearance of the non-verbal presentation, and the precise terms (e.g. key words) by which the information is characterised.

(4) In order to allow for transmission, the document is encoded in an analog signal (e.g. by printing it on paper) or a digital signal (a computer file) that can be transmitted.2.7



Next: Stage II: Disseminating Up: A model of the Previous: A model of the