1–10 of 762 documents found
Aristotle's Political Theory
Aristotle (b. 384 – d. 322 BCE), was a Greek philosopher, logician, and
scientist. Along with his teacher Plato, Aristotle is generally
regarded as one of the most influential ancient thinkers in a number of
philosophical fields, including political theory. Aristotle ...
Aristotle's Categories is a singularly important work
of philosophy. It not only presents the backbone of
Aristotle's own philosophical theorizing, but has exerted an
unparalleled influence on the systems of many of the greatest
philosophers in the western tradition. The set ...
Aristotle (384–322 BC) was born in Macedon, in what is now northern
Greece, but spent most of his adult life in Athens. His life in Athens
divides into two periods, first as a member of Plato's Academy
(367–347) and later as director of his own school, the Lyceum
The first major work in the history of philosophy to bear the title
“Metaphysics” was the treatise by Aristotle that we have
come to know by that name. But Aristotle himself did not use that title
or even describe his field of study as ‘metaphysics’; ...
Aristotle on Non-contradiction
According to Aristotle, first philosophy, or metaphysics, deals with
ontology and first principles, of which the principle (or law) of
non-contradiction is the firmest. Aristotle says that without the
principle of non-contradiction we could not know anything that we ...
Aristotle on Causality
Each Aristotelian science consists in the causal investigation of a
specific department of reality. If successful, such an investigation
results in causal knowledge; that is, knowledge of the relevant or
appropriate causes. The emphasis on the concept of cause explains why
Commentators on Aristotle
One important mode of philosophical expression from the end of the
Hellenistic period and into Late Antiquity was the philosophical
commentary. During this time Plato and Aristotle were regarded as
philosophical authorities and their works were subject to intense
Aristotle (384–322 B.C.E.) numbers among the greatest
philosophers of all time. Judged solely in terms of his philosophical
influence, only Plato is his peer: Aristotle's works shaped centuries
of philosophy from Late Antiquity through the Renaissance, and even
today continue to ...
Aristotle and Mathematics
Aristotle uses mathematics and mathematical sciences in three important
ways in his treatises. Contemporary mathematics serves as a model for
his philosophy of science and provides some important techniques, e.g.,
as used in his logic. Throughout the corpus, he constructs ...
Aristotle's Natural Philosophy
Aristotle had a lifelong interest in the study of nature. He
investigated a variety of different topics, ranging from general
issues like motion, causation, place and time, to systematic
explorations and explanations of natural phenomena across different
kinds of natural ...