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What the ancient Greeks—at least in the archaic phase of their
civilization—called muthos was quite different from what
we and the media nowadays call “myth”. For them a
muthos was a true story, a story that unveils the true origin
of the world and human beings. ...
Plato (429–347 B.C.E.) is, by any reckoning, one of the most
dazzling writers in the Western literary tradition and one of the most
penetrating, wide-ranging, and influential authors in the history of
philosophy. An Athenian citizen of high status, he displays in his
works his absorption ...
Plato's Ethics: An Overview
Like other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based
eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, human well-being
(eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct,
and the virtues (arete: ‘excellence’) are
the requisite skills ...
If aesthetics is the philosophical inquiry into art and beauty (or a
contemporary surrogate for beauty, e.g. aesthetic value), the striking
feature of Plato's dialogues is that he devotes so much time to both
topics but treats them oppositely. Art, mostly as represented by
Plato on Rhetoric and Poetry
Plato's discussions of rhetoric and poetry are both extensive and
influential. As in so many other cases, he sets the agenda for the
subsequent tradition. And yet understanding his remarks about each of
these topics—rhetoric and poetry—presents us with
Plato on utopia
The Laws is one of Plato's last dialogues. In it, he sketches
the basic political structure and laws of an ideal city named Magnesia.
Despite the fact that the Laws treats a number of basic issues
in political and ethical philosophy as well as theology, it has
suffered neglect compared ...
Constantin Brancusi. Socrates
Digital Image © The Museum of Modern Art;
Licensed by Scala/Art Resource, NY
©2005 Artists Rights Society (ARS),
New York/ADAGP, ... Plato, as it is to
virtually any interpretation, because Socrates is the dominant figure
in most of Plato's dialogues.
1. Socrates's strangeness
2. The Socratic problem: Who was Socrates really?
Plato's Middle Period Metaphysics and Epistemology
Students of Plato and other ancient philosophers divide philosophy
into three parts: Ethics, Epistemology and Metaphysics. While generally
accurate and certainly useful for pedagogical purposes, no rigid
boundary separates the parts. Ethics, for example, ...
Plato on Knowledge in the Theaetetus
This article introduces Plato's dialogue the Theaetetus
(section 1), and briefly summarises its plot (section 2). Two leading
interpretations of the dialogue, the Unitarian and Revisionist
readings, are contrasted in section 3. Sections 4 to 8 explain
and discuss ...
Plato's Ethics and Politics in The Republic
Plato's Republic centers on a simple question: is it always
better to be just than unjust? The puzzles in Book One prepare for
this question, and Glaucon and Adeimantus make it explicit at the
beginning of Book Two. To answer the question, Socrates takes ...