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Plato Plato (429–347 B.C.E.) is, by any reckoning, one of the most dazzling writers in the Western literary tradition and one of the most penetrating, wide-ranging, and influential authors in the history of philosophy. An Athenian citizen of high status, he displays in his works his absorption ...
Richard Kraut
Plato's Myths What the ancient Greeks—at least in the archaic phase of their civilization—called muthos was quite different from what we and the media nowadays call “myth”. For them a muthos was a true story, a story that unveils the true origin of the world and human beings. ...
Catalin Partenie
Plato's Ethics: An Overview Like other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, human well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues (arete: ‘excellence’) are the requisite skills ...
Dorothea Frede
Plato's Aesthetics If aesthetics is the philosophical inquiry into art and beauty (or a contemporary surrogate for beauty, e.g. aesthetic value), the striking feature of Plato's dialogues is that he devotes so much time to both topics but treats them oppositely. Art, mostly as represented by poetry, ...
Nickolas Pappas
Plato on Rhetoric and Poetry Plato's discussions of rhetoric and poetry are both extensive and influential. As in so many other cases, he sets the agenda for the subsequent tradition. And yet understanding his remarks about each of these topics—rhetoric and poetry—presents us with significant ...
Charles L. Griswold
Plato on utopia The Laws is one of Plato's last dialogues. In it, he sketches the basic political structure and laws of an ideal city named Magnesia. Despite the fact that the Laws treats a number of basic issues in political and ethical philosophy as well as theology, it has suffered neglect compared ...
Chris Bobonich and Katherine Meadows
Plato's Middle Period Metaphysics and Epistemology Students of Plato and other ancient philosophers divide philosophy into three parts: Ethics, Epistemology and Metaphysics. While generally accurate and certainly useful for pedagogical purposes, no rigid boundary separates the parts. Ethics, for ...
Allan Silverman
Socrates Constantin Brancusi. Socrates Digital Image © The Museum of Modern Art; Licensed by Scala/Art Resource, NY ©2005 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, ... Plato, as it is to virtually any interpretation, because Socrates is the dominant figure in most of Plato's dialogues. 1. Socrates's strangeness 2. The Socratic problem: Who was Socrates really? ...
Debra Nails
Plato on Knowledge in the Theaetetus This article introduces Plato's dialogue the Theaetetus (section 1), and briefly summarises its plot (section 2). Two leading interpretations of the dialogue, the Unitarian and Revisionist readings, are contrasted in section 3. Sections 4 to 8 explain and discuss ...
Timothy Chappell
Plato's Ethics and Politics in The Republic Plato's Republic centers on a simple question: is it always better to be just than unjust? The puzzles in Book One prepare for this question, and Glaucon and Adeimantus make it explicit at the beginning of Book Two. To answer the question, Socrates takes ...
Eric Brown
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